Eating disorders in men and boys: All you need to know

7 min

It’s common for people to change their eating habits from time to time. But if dieting and concerns about your body shape and weight are becoming obsessive and starting to impact your physical health, psychological well-being and social functioning, you may be at risk of developing an eating disorder.

We spoke to the Clinical Supervisor of Butterfly’s National Helpline, clinical psychologist Dr Tania Nichols, about eating disorders in men and boys. Here’s what you need to know.

What are eating disorders? 

Eating disorders are very serious, complex mental illnesses characterised by disturbances in thoughts, feelings and behaviours towards body weight and shape, and/or towards food and eating.

What is disordered eating?

One of the greatest risk factors for developing an eating disorder is disordered eating, in particular dieting. Restricting the amount or type of food you eat, eating compulsively or having irregular or inflexible eating patterns are all forms of disordered eating.

“We know that making some changes to your diet or lifestyle can be positive, such as cutting down on alcohol, eating more fruit and vegetables and being physically active,”

– Dr Tania Nichols, Clinical psychologist

“However, dietary changes can progress to disordered eating and potentially an eating disorder when you start to become obsessive and inflexible about what, when and how much you’re eating; when there is fear and anxiety around adhering to rigid food and/or exercise rules; and when concerns and behaviours around eating, body shape and weight interfere with physical health and psychosocial functioning.”

Disordered eating sits on a spectrum ranging from normal eating to an eating disorder and may have some of the same symptoms and behaviours as eating disorders, but at less frequent or severe rates.

How common are eating disorders in men?

Eating disorders can affect people of any gender, age, race, sexuality or socioeconomic status. More than one million Australians currently live with an eating disorder, about one-third of whom are male. 

According to Butterfly, 55-77% of people with other specified feeding or eating disorders are male; approximately 43% of people experiencing binge eating disorder are male; and about 20% of people with anorexia and 30% of people with bulimia are male.

“There has been a long-held misconception that eating disorders predominantly affect females — that they are a ‘female disorder’. The stigma associated with this misconception may present as a barrier to men seeking and engaging in eating disorder treatment. Greater awareness of eating disorders in the male population and reduced stigma around mental health concerns is leading to more men seeking help,”

– Dr Tania Nichols, Clinical psychologist

What causes eating disorders and disordered eating in men?

The factors that contribute to the development of an eating disorder can be complex, and involve a range of biological, psychological and sociocultural factors.

“An eating disorder may develop partially as a coping mechanism for managing uncomfortable emotions,”

– Dr Tania Nichols, Clinical psychologist

What are the signs of eating disorders in men?

Risks associated with eating disorders

“Eating disorders can lead to severe, long-term and sometimes life-threatening medical consequences, including cardiovascular, gastrointestinal, neurological and endocrine concerns,”

– Dr Tania Nichols, Clinical psychologist

Suicide is a major cause of mortality for people affected by eating disorders.

“Eating disorders have one of the highest mortality rates of all psychiatric illnesses, due mostly to suicide and physiological complications,”.

“Eating disorders can also develop alongside other mental illnesses, such as depression and anxiety, and this can make recovery and returning to full health even more difficult.”

– Dr Tania Nichols, Clinical psychologist

How to get help for an eating disorder or disordered eating

It’s important to see your GP first if you have any of the signs or behaviours of eating disorders or disordered eating. Early intervention can have a marked difference on an eating disorder’s severity and duration. 

Your GP can prepare a mental health care plan (or an eating disorder treatment plan if you qualify for one) to give you access to subsidised mental health sessions. You will also be referred to a psychologist and in some cases a dietician. 

A paediatrician may also be involved to support boys.

You can find psychologists, dieticians and other allied health professionals who are qualified to treat eating disorders by searching Butterfly’s Referral Database.

There can often be a waiting period to see these specialists. In the meantime, you can contact the Butterfly helpline for support by calling 1800 ED HOPE (1800 33 4673), chatting online or emailing

Butterfly’s confidential and free support is available 7 days a week from 8am until midnight (AEDT).


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