What are the signs of testicular cancer?



Testicular cancer is usually diagnosed after finding a solid lump on the testis (more often called testicle). Lumps on, or in, other parts of the scrotum, like the epididymis or blood vessels, are much more common and are not signs of testicular cancer.


Find more on the difference between lumps on your scrotum and lumps on your testis


The symptoms of testicular cancer include:

  • Pain or aching in and around the testis and scrotum
  • Swelling or heaviness of the scrotum

However, these symptoms are non-specific and are more likely to be due to something else.

In later stages of the disease, if testicular cancer spreads to other parts of the body, it can result in symptoms like headaches, gastrointestinal problems, coughing, breathlessness, or lower back pain.

If you have any concerning symptoms, it’s best to see your doctor.


Find out everything you need to know about testicular cancer

Answered by: Associate Professor Tim Moss


Associate Professor Tim Moss has PhD in physiology and more than 20-years’ experience as a biomedical research scientist. Tim stepped away from his successful academic career at the end of 2019, to apply his skills in turning complicated scientific and medical knowledge into information that all people can use to improve their health and well being.

Tim has written for crikey.com and Scientific American’s Observations blog, which is far more interesting than his authorship of over 150 academic publications. He has studied science communication at the Alan Alda Centre for Communicating Science in New York, and at the Department of Biological Engineering Communication Lab at MIT in Boston. 

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